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Draft budget 2012: the PeSDC increases, evolution of foreign policy

(BRUSSELS2) In the 2012 draft budget presented by the European Commission on April 20, I examined more particularly the lines devoted to the missions of the PeSDC. These now detail the major missions (a request from the European Parliament), which makes it easier to compare.

This budget increases significantly. Remember that only civilian missions are mentioned, financed from the community budget, while military missions remain financed by the Member States, with a small part pooled through a mechanism. mechanisms, off-budget, the Athena mechanism.

I also took a look, instrument by instrument, at the priorities set by foreign policy. Generally speaking, the overall budget devoted to foreign policy (title 19) remains stable: 4,36 billion euros in commitment appropriations (+0,09 billion) or 3,37 billion euros in payment appropriations. (stable), the redistribution thus taking place within the headings.

PeSDC missions and crisis responses: increasing

The amounts provided for in the 2012 draft budget for the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) are significantly increasing, from 362,4 million euros (+ 35,8 million euros or 11%) if we take the credits commitment, increasing to €316,6 million if we take the payment appropriations (+€45 million or +17%). An increase to be put into perspective, however, given the fairly modest sums involved. Of this amount, the budget devoted to missions increases to €300,7 million (+26,2 or +9,5%) or €266,4 million in payment appropriations (€31,4 million or +13%). .

The main increase is for Eulex Kosovo at €155 million (+€11 million) and the other operations at €61,7 million (+€9,2 million). The budget for Eupol Afghanistan increases to €53 million (+€5 million), that of the EUMM observation mission in Georgia to €31 million (+€1 million).

The budget for emergency measures increases by €35 million (+€4,5 million). That devoted to non-proliferation and disarmament also increases by €20 million (+€5 million). The budget for preparatory and monitoring measures stagnates at €6,75 million (+€0,2 million). The budget devoted to special envoys remains stable at €0,25 million = payments); it had fallen significantly last year, going from €23,3 million in 2010 to €0,23 million, a consequence of the establishment of the diplomatic service.

As for the stability instrument, which is often used to supplement PeSDC missions, its "crisis response" component increased significantly, rising from €225 million (+€23,1 million) as did its "technological threats" component, rising to 49 million euros (+2,7 M€).

Note: the pilot project to support protection and surveillance measures for Union ships against the threat of piracy where €0,6 million in payment appropriations are allocated (corresponding to the €1 million committed in 2008) .

Draft budget 2012 – Foreign policy

We can note that for the partnership with the neighborhood there are redistributions taking place: Palestine and the UNWRA fall (-33%) while the Mediterranean increases (11%) but especially the partnership with the countries of Eastern Europe. East(+17%). The budget for Asia decreases a little (-3%), except Afghanistan (stable) and the Gulf Yemen-Iraq-Iran zone (+35%). Significant decrease for Latin America (-7%). This is for commitment credits. If we look at payment credits, there are notable differences: we expect proportionally less credit consumption in the Mediterranean and more in Eastern Europe and Latin America.

Commitment credits
CFSP 362,4 35,8
Democracy and Human Rights Instrument (EIDHR) 122,1 3,8
– including electoral missions 35,1 -2,9
Instrument for Stability (crisis response) 225 22,1
Instrument of stability (technological threats and NRBC) 46,3 -2,7
Instrument for Stability (fight against crime) 22 -8,0
Nuclear sector assistance 76 1,5
Neighborhood partnership 1980,5 81,4
– Mediterranean 935,1 92,2
– Palestine – UNWRA 200 -100,0
- Eastern Europe 653,4 97,0
of which title 4 cross-border cooperation 92,7 9,2
of which regional cross-border cooperation 99,2 -17,0
Cooperation industrialized countries 25 0,0
Latin America 352,6 -24,7
Asia 864,2 -25,7
– developing countries Asia 506,4 -37,4
- Afghanistan 199,9 -0,1
– scientific cooperation 6,3 * -3*
Central Asia 105,2 -2,0
Iran, Iraq, Yemen 52,6 13,7
Coordination, information programs, audit and monitoring measures 33,1 2,6
Immigration asylum cooperation 60,4 6,4
Administrative expenditure – instruments of foreign policy 156,3 0,0

Draft budget 2012 Humanitarian aid / civil protection

The budget devoted to “humanitarian aid/civil protection” increases overall, reaching 900 million (+24 million). But it is above all the budget devoted to humanitarian aid and food aid which is increasing, while that devoted to civil protection interventions is decreasing (-5 million)

spending Commitment credits
Staff 35,6 0,7
Humanitarian aid 553,3 16,6
Food aid 251,6 7,4
Disaster preparedness 35,2 0,8
European Volunteer Corps 3 2,0
Civil protection 22 -5,0
– interventions within the EU 18 0,0
– third country interventions 4 -5,0
– Rapid reaction capacity 3,5 *
Total 900,4 22,2

* payment credits

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).

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