Central Southern AfricaMissions Operations

Some options for the renewal of the EUSEC mission (updated)

EUSECRDCONGOLolog(BRUSSELS2) Reflection on the closure of the European security assistance mission in Congo (EUSEC RDC Congo) has begun. The political-military group thus has this subject on the table during one of its next meetings (June 24).

If we remove what to replace?

Many member states - such as Germany - are in favor of closure, believing that the time for this mission (for almost ten years) has passed, that priorities lie elsewhere, and that we must know how to end a mission. Others (like Belgium) consider it important to maintain a European presence. In all cases the question is asked: If we delete, what do we replace with? If we maintain it, what is the format of the new mission? Because there is one point that seems to be unanimous, the mission in its current format must close. B2 took stock with the Luxembourg colonel, J.-L. Nuremberg, who is leading this mission. An old hand at EU missions since he was a military representative of the Grand Duchy for several years before leaving for Congo in 2012 (read: A new chef for Eusec Congo).

The three or four possible options

For Jean-Louis Nuremberg, it would be good on site to maintain a small workforce “ of around ten advisors » which represents, according to calculations, a budget of around 1,5 million euros. Three or four options are possible: 1) a mini-EUSEC, composed of seconded staff attached to the Delegation; 2) a new mini-CSDP mission; 3) a joint mission with the police mission (EUPOL RD Congo) in a new capacity building mission (EUCAP) of around twenty people.

This last option seems interesting because it would bring together all the know-how. It makes it possible to establish a link with other EUCAP missions deployed on the African continent (Horn of Africa, Niger, etc.) while avoiding the pitfall of slow deployment. And it also illustrates the idea of ​​the European Union to position itself at the junction of civil and military. What should be avoided, however, is the use of external contractors – an old habit of the Commission – which does not ensure the same results as a direct mission.

Connecting projects

In any case, the idea is to “ make the connection between the mission and the projects set up by the Europeans” under the EDF (European Development Fund) or other instruments (Stability Instrument). Because " there is still a lot to do in the Congolese army ". We do not reform, we do not restructure an army in a few years, with a few advisers (see paper to follow)

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).

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