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Towards a new EU mission in the Central African Republic. First step

(B2) The 28 adopted, this Thursday (November 21), the Crisis Management Concept (CMC) for the launch of a civilian mission to advise the security forces in the Central African Republic. Small name: EUAM RCA

Securing towns and countryside could be ensured by the reconstituted gendarmerie and police forces - a Sangaris patrol in Bangui in 2016 (credit: SIRPA / EMA)

The role of the mission will be to support the reform of the internal security forces. Concretely, this will involve advising the Ministry of the Interior, the police and the gendarmerie to " help them deploy across the country ».

One step in a slow process

With the adoption of this concept of crisis management, the European Union has taken a further step, but the establishment of the mission is slow. The 28 had given their political green light last July (read: The 28 will give the green light to a new CSDP mission in the Central African Republic). It took four months for Member State experts to translate it into an official document. But the actual launch of the mission could happen quickly... before the end of 2019.

A need to provide the CAR with a civilian law enforcement force

France pushed hard in this direction from the start of the Central African crisis. After the pacification-stabilization period (with the EUFOR RCA force) then the restructuring-training period of the armed forces (with the EUMAM mission and EUTM RCA), the need very quickly became apparent to supplement this military effort with an effort towards Central African police and gendarmerie, which could be deployed in the region in particular. The needs are important. Much of the trouble in the Central African Republic stems more from armed gangs and criminality than from structured armed forces.

Reluctance of Member States to a mission dedicated to internal security

Several EU Member States were reluctant to this new mission. This is how an 'interoperability pillar' was first set up within the EUTM RCA military mission at the end of 2018. A semi-failure, few countries agreeing to send forces (apart from France). The idea of ​​a specific mission dedicated to the internal security forces therefore emerged again. But, there again, not without reluctance. The mission created is thus not a complete training mission as expected, but rather a strategic advisory mission (EUAM), a prelude to it.

(Leonor Hubaut, with NGV)

For more details, read: The future EUAM RCA civilian advisory mission. The concept of crisis management explained

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Leonor Hubaut

© B2 - Bruxelles2 is a French online media that focuses on political Europe (powers, defence, foreign policy, internal security). It follows and analyzes developments in European policy, unvarnished and without concessions. Approved by the CPPAP. Member of SPIIL. Please quote "B2" or "Bruxelles2" in case of recovery Leonor Hubaut is a journalist. Graduated in international relations from the Free University of Brussels (specialization in globalization). She covers for B2 the work of the European Parliament, CSDP missions and African issues. Sahel specialist.