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US participation in Eulex Kosovo endorsed by agreement

(B2)The European Union will sign its signature on the participation of the Americans in the civilian mission Eulex (rule of law) in Kosovo.

A symbolic event in more than one way. With theagreement with the Russians for Eufor Chad, it is first of all proof of the European capacity to be able to bring together different partners, sometimes opposed on the international scene, on different operations. European diplomacy thus proves its availability to pursue a policy of multi-alliances. Which can only strengthen – at the global level – its credibility as an alternative force. Finally (small satisfaction), this will be the first time that Americans will come under European (EU) command in an ESDP operation.

The content of the agreement is quite classic in this type of operation (similar agreements have already been made with the Switzerland and Croatia). “The United States has the same rights and obligations in terms of the day-to-day management of the operation as the participating EU member states.” They bear all costs linked to the operation – “unless they are the subject of joint financing”. The United States ensures in particular that its seconded personnel “execute their mission in accordance with (European) Joint Action 2008/124/CFSP and its subsequent amendments, to the Eulex Kovoso operation plan”.

The passage of the Americans under European command is clear.  “The head of mission exercises command and control of the detached personnel, teams and units provided by the contributing States”. He is notably “responsible for disciplinary matters”. With two reservations (also classic): On the one hand, “any disciplinary measure (remaining) within the jurisdiction of the United States”. On the other hand, the status of seconded personnel falls within the “exclusive judicial jurisdiction” of the United States.


Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).