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Eritrean forces implicated in massacres of civilians in Tigray? EU calls for 'immediate' end to hostilities

(B2) It is a real massacre committed by Eritrean troops in the city of Aksoum on November 28 and 29, 2020, denounces Amnesty International. The European Union issues a call to reason

map showing damage to town and debris (credit: Amnesty international)

Systematic executions of civilians

The Eritrean forces called to the rescue by the government in Addis Ababa to restore order and subdue the authorities of the State of Tigray " systematically killed hundreds of unarmed civilians opening fire in the streets and searching every house ” indicates Amnesty International in a investigation report published on February 26.

Direct interviews and testimonials that overlap

A massacre akin to a crime against humanity “, according to the NGO for the defense of human rights. To reach this conclusion, Amnesty International interviewed 41 victims and witnesses – including conducting face-to-face interviews with recently arrived refugees in eastern Sudan and telephone interviews with local residents. s of Aksum – and with 20 people aware of the events.

The Eritrean offensive in Tigray

Their story is " coherent on extrajudicial executions, indiscriminate shelling and widespread looting, which took place after the offensive led by Ethiopian and Eritrean soldiers to take control of the city against the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigray (FPLT), in mid-November.

A call from the European Union

The European Commission immediately reacted to this publication, sending a sort of call to order to the Ethiopian and Eritrean authorities, as well as to all the players in this civil conflict.

A call for a cessation of hostilities

European Commissioner Janez Lenarčič (Crisis Management), and EU High Representative Josep Borrell (Foreign Policy) condemn " in the strongest terms, all crimes against civilians » and ask « that their perpetrators be promptly brought to justice ". The obligations of international humanitarian law “apply to all parties”. " Hostilities must cease immediately and all humanitarian actors and authorized media must have full and unhindered access to the whole of Tigray »

A deplorable humanitarian situation

Since the beginning of the conflict more than 100 days ago, " thousands of civilians have lost their lives and, according to available information, 80% of the population remains cut off from external aid, facing growing food insecurity and malnutrition ". The level of suffering endured by civilians, including children, is “ appalling ».


Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).