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Afghanistan, crisis management reform is progressing…slowly

(Credit: EUPOL Afghanistan)
(Credit: EUPOL Afghanistan)

(BRUSSELS2) Experts from the EUPOL Afghanistan mission are supporting the Afghan Ministry of the Interior in reforming their crisis management structure. In January 2016, the strategic crisis management document came into force. It includes a standard operating procedure, aimed at strengthening the capabilities of the Afghan National Police. Now it remains to move from theory to practice…

New practices to teach recruits

To disseminate new practices, what better way than to start with new recruits? It was the idea of ​​EUPOL, which organized a first seminar with senior officers of the Afghan police and a group of teachers in charge of training recruits. For a week, they studied real incident scenarios, to analyze the current reaction and verify its compliance with reform plans. The result: the writing of a trainer's guide which will be integrated into the Afghan training system.

First high-level test…

At the beginning of May, a simulation exercise was carried out at EUPOL premises, using the standard operating procedure (SOP). B2 was able to learn that the simulations revolved around two concrete cases: a terrorist attack during the visit of a VIP representative of a foreign state and large-scale simultaneous violent demonstrations in various points in Kabul. The exercise made it possible to analyze the coordination between those responsible for different units: police, counter-terrorism, police unit dedicated to natural disasters, firefighters, Tashkeel unit (in charge of reforming the police structure).

Challenges still to be solved...

The two practical exercises helped identify challenges to continue working on. The structures of the Afghan Ministry of the Interior remain too hierarchical and prevent a " quick and efficient response » to crises. More circumstantially, Eupol experts point out the difficulty for the Afghans to concentrate on planning work, in particular the development of a standardized procedure, while fighting against the insurgency.

A historic agreement between Police and Justice 

An inflection point in Afghan reform was taken on May 28, 2016. Minister of Interior, General Taj Mohammad Jahed, and Attorney General, Farid Hamidi signed the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) establishing a systematic cooperation between the police and the Attorney General and his office. For the head of the European mission, Pia Stjernvall, this is the result “ years of advice from EUPOL. This SOP will strengthen cooperation between the Ministry of Interior and the Attorney General's Office in the fight against corruption. "A theme that" no shortage of challenges in Afghanistan » where cooperation between these institutions has never really been regulated 

… To be continued

EUPOL will monitor the implementation of this agreement until its mandate ends at the end of 2016.” EU member states have decided that this work will continue ». A monitoring group must be established. Its mandate and its form are still under discussion… like the future of the mission itself.

(LH)

Read also: Eupol Afghanistan, like a feeling of failure…

Leonor Hubaut

© B2 - Bruxelles2 is a French online media that focuses on political Europe (powers, defence, foreign policy, internal security). It follows and analyzes developments in European policy, unvarnished and without concessions. Approved by the CPPAP. Member of SPIIL. Please quote "B2" or "Bruxelles2" in case of recovery Leonor Hubaut is a journalist. Graduated in international relations from the Free University of Brussels (specialization in globalization). She covers for B2 the work of the European Parliament, CSDP missions and African issues. Sahel specialist.