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We must integrate climate security into European security policies (Indrek Tarand)

(BRUSSELS2) Climatic upheavals and natural disasters have a significant impact on international peace and security. European security and defense policy must therefore be adapted accordingly. This is what Estonian MEP Indrek Tarand (Greens/EFA, also a member of the Parliament's delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly) wants to reiterate in a resolution which will be discussed on Thursday (June 21) at the sub- security and defense committee of the European Parliament.

Natural disasters and climate change particularly destabilize the most vulnerable states, where, for example, reduced access to water or other resources forces populations to migrate and thus overstretches already weak administrative, economic or social systems, which which sets the conditions for the emergence of conflicts (as for example in the Sahel). To fight against this, Europe has good potential, it still needs to be used but also adapted, says the MEP.

New instruments must be created

  • A working group at the Council in charge of coordinating issues between climate change, energy security and defence.

  • A “special envoy” on climate security must be instituted at the level of the EU and the Member States, as the UN has put forward the idea at its level and as the United Kingdom has already done in the person of Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti. A new Special Representative of sorts.

Above all, staff are needed and the existing structures need to be adapted

The problem of climate change and natural disasters must be integrated from planning into the CSDP, in its strategic and conceptual documents but also in decision-making structures such as the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capacity (= the command of civilian disaster missions). crisis management), the military staff or the Military Committee. This involves acting at the level of crisis prevention, in particular through the collection and analysis of data. This requires “adequate” human resources. Including on the ground: experts must also be sent to EU delegations in the countries most concerned.

And use the resources available: pooling and sharing and battlegroups

Pooling and sharing, for example, constitutes a good opportunity. The Council, together with the European Defense Agency, are therefore invited to draw up a list of available capacities that can be used for climate crises and natural disasters (for example in the areas of air and maritime transport, mobile hospitals, communications or even water purification). We must find avenues for other joint projects that would be relevant for the management of climate crises. Battlegroups are also a good starting point, which could serve as a model to adapt to the themes concerned. Finally, cooperation with NATO in terms of capabilities is also welcome.

Download the draft resolution within B2 docs.

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