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Training of Afghan security forces is improving: Usackas

(BRUSSELS2) The situation is improving in Afghanistan, at least from a security point of view, according to Vygaudas Ušackas, the Special Representative and Head of the EU delegation in Afghanistan, who was speaking in front of the European Parliament on April 25. " In particular, there has been considerable progress in the training of Afghan security forces. Their number and their effectiveness are constantly increasing (if we can refer to the “rapid response” after the attacks of April 15-16). They are now responsible for almost half of the country. » Let us point out that the European Union only deals with the training of “civilian” police forces. A mission which must continue after the withdrawal of ISAF forces.

After 2014, the role of the civilian police: essential

« We must continue to train the civil police after 2014. This will have more and more importance compared to the paramilitary police, as the troops withdraw. explains Usackas ensuring that " Even Americans understand that now.. For the EUPOL Head of Mission, “ EUPOL has gained a solid reputation over the past two years. (…) She occupies a niche that no one else can fill. And the various actors, Afghan and international, recognize its expertise in this area. » And Usackas recommends “ capitalize on the money saved thanks to the withdrawal of troops, and reinvest it in the training of civilian police”. Because the civilian police are called upon to " gradually replacing the para-military police ". NB: The EU provides the Rule of Law Fund (LOFTA) with 140 million euros over three years (2011, 2012, 2013). And this figure is expected to increase. 100 million US dollars (around 75 million euros) are expected for next year alone (2014).

Contrast improvement

More generally, the situation in Afghanistan remains contracted. If regional relations are improving, particularly between Afghanistan and Pakistan, negotiations between the Taliban and the government remain difficult (a visit by a Taliban delegation took place in Kabul on April 16). Education is a point on which we also note progress: now 8 million children go to school (compared to 1,5 million in 2001). But there is still a way to go. So if the national consultation process for the 2014 elections is underway (not only at the government level but also with the various provincial actors), “ we cannot expect completely democratic elections says a European diplomat. And the situation of women still remains prickly » ; they " are far from having equality with men”.

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