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Overwhelming majority to condemn the Syrian regime and its violence. 12 against

(credit: UN)

(BRUSSELS2) The resolution passed today (February 17) by the UN General Assembly on Syria is undoubtedly non-binding but overwhelming. It is in fact by a clear majority of 137 votes in favor, 12 votes against and 17 abstentions (*), that the international community condemned “ the continuation of widespread and systematic violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms by the Syrian authorities. » This resolution closely resembles the one that Russia and China rejected on February 4 at the Security Council meeting. But it does not call for the deployment of an interposition force.

All European countries voted for the resolution. Several countries did not participate in the vote. The “Twelve” countries which voted against are not all very recommendable. In addition to the main interested party – Syria – and its two allies – Russia and China – we find Bolivia, Belarus, Cuba, Ecuador, Iran, Nicaragua, North Korea, Venezuela, Zimbabwe. And the Seventeen who abstained are…: theAlgeria, Angola, Armenia, Fiji, Cameroon, Comoros, Lebanon, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, St Vincent, Suriname, Tanzania, Tuvalu, Uganda and Vietnam. This is relatively little and is the sign of an undeniable defeat for the Russians and Chinese, who have not managed to bring together other heavyweights from emerging countries around them, unlike the action in Libya.

The end of violence and humanitarian access

The resolution demands that, without further ado, “ the Syrian government stops all violence and protects its population; releases all those who have been arbitrarily detained in connection with the recent incidents; withdraw all Syrian armed and military forces from towns and cities and return them to their original barracks; guarantees the freedom to demonstrate peacefully. " She " urges the Syrian authorities to allow humanitarian relief to safely and freely deliver humanitarian aid to people in need. »

Democratic process

The resolution calls for the commitment an inclusive, Syrian-led political process that takes place in a climate free of violence, fear, intimidation and extremism to concretely address the aspirations and legitimate concerns of the Syrian people. “The resolution unreservedly supports” the decision taken by the League of Arab States on 22 January 2012 to facilitate a Syrian-led political transition to a democratic and pluralistic political system ».

A special envoy “good offices"

Among the concrete means envisaged, the general assembly asks the Secretary General to appoint a special envoy and to provide “technical and material assistance” to the efforts of the Arab League. A report must be submitted within 15 days on the application of these measures by Ban Ki Moon, specifies the resolution.

Text of the resolution and voting sheet in the B2 docs

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).