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In Libya, a second mission for NATO? Strong reserve(s)

(credit: French Ministry of Defense / DICOD)

(BRUSSELS2) NATO is actively preparing for the post-Gaddafi era. And she would like to extend her success in the operation Unified Protector by developing a support mission. There is no question (and in any case not politically possible) of NATO taking the lead. “ The role of leadership will fall to the United Nations » said Oana Lungescu, the organization's spokesperson. And it will therefore require a new UN resolution for a new mission. But the ambassadors of the 28 do not all agree on the same wavelength on the nature of this mission. Thus three conditions were set to do this: “ a demonstrable need, a legal basis, and broad regional support ».

Neither NATO nor the EU…

A high-ranking European expert, however, was at least reserved about such a proposal, as with any international force even if its objective is to maintain peace. « When we see the impact of the foreign presence in Iraq and Afghanistan – even when they are doing a good job – we can ask ourselves questions. Be careful. A presence on NATO soil is absolutely not possible. (...) The deployment of a European force is not desirable either. »

More of an observer force than a military one

Slightly different point of view on the French side but to achieve the same result on the NATO or EU side. In the FAZ, a German daily newspaper, to which Alain Juppé recently gave a long interview, When asked whether Libya needs a peace or stabilization force, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs agreed: “ Certainly because it will be difficult, the Transition Council is a young and poorly organized body with internal tensions. They are going to need international financial aid first. » But in the minister's mind this force will be “not a military force, but a force of observers. We always distinguish “peace building” from “ peace keeping ". It is a force of reconstruction and not of military intervention. » And he doesn't see the European Union or NATO there. To the question of whether the European Union has a role to play in this area?, he answers: “ We are members of the UN. This is more, from our point of view, the role of the United Nations than that of NATO. »

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).