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Resolution 1973 on Libya emphasizes the “protection of civilians”.

Alain Juppé giving the justification for voting Thursday evening at the Security Council (Credit: UN)

(BRUSSELS 2) Mission accomplished! could say Alain Juppé, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, for whom this is in some way the first successful test in this position. The text of the UN Security Council resolution, numbered 1973, imposing forceful measures on Libya was voted on around 18 p.m. (New York time, 24 hours Paris/Brussels) without firing a shot. And it takes up most of the provisions provided for in the draft resolution (of which I had given the first elements): No Fly zone, protection of civilians, ban on Libyan flights, extension of the freeze to all of Libya's economic resources, committee of experts. Better, we could say that it clarifies them, and hardens them in places.

A hardened and precise text

After a quick comparison (I just got the final text), four elements are added:

- a considering stressing that the establishment of the ban on all aircraft in Libyan airspace “constitutes an important element for the protection of civilians as well as the security of the provision of humanitarian assistance and a decisive step for the cessation of hostilities in Libya".

- a call to a cease fire immediate and the end complete (and no longer just immediate) of violence and all attacks, and abuse, against civilians (underlined words = addition)

– the need to intensify efforts to find a solution to the crisis (“by responding to the demands of the Libyan people”).

– the chapter on protection of civilians went back and rewritten. It continues to authorize Member States – on condition of having notified the Secretary General (and no longer simple information) – to “take all necessary measures to protect civilians and areas populated by civilians under threat of attack in Libya, including Benghazi” (this city is named). this "excludes a foreign occupying force in any form or part of Libyan territory". This is the main point which is new and therefore satisfies both the Arab countries and Russia. It can also avoid an Afghan scenario.

The text keeps a key role in the Arab League but in a different form: it recognizes a “important role in areas relating to the maintenance of international peace and security in the region and calls on the countries of the Arab League to cooperate with the other Member States” for the implementation of this protection of civilians.

Note that the resolution now includes the five entities: Central Bank of Libya, Libyan Investment Authority... already included in the list established by the European Union.

Download the resolution

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Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).

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