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Cameron and Sarkozy write to the 27: Viva la revolución!

“Muammar Gaddafi and his clique must leave”, “the regime has lost all the legitimacy it may have had”, we must “welcome favorably the formation of an Interim National Transitional Council”! Nicolas Sarkozy and David Cameron do not mince their words in the joint letter they have just sent to Herman Van Rompuy, the President of the European Council and to their counterparts, heads of state and government calling for support for the ongoing revolution in Libya.

NB: This document could serve as a basis for discussions among the 27 during the exceptional summit on Friday (March 11). And it seems difficult (except on the formula for recognizing the legitimacy of the opposition) for other members of the European Union not to acquiesce in its content.

Priority: the political and security situation

The priority today “they point out is of” deal with the political and security situation ". To this end, they propose a 7-point plan focused on: the departure of Gaddafi, sending a clear political signal to the Libyan National Council, continuing military planning on all options, asking the United Nations to study typical humanitarian solutions humanitarian or other corridor, support for the investigation by the International Criminal Court, “complete” implementation of the arms embargo by prohibiting the departure of mercenaries, reinforced support to deal with a massive influx of displaced people and refugees .

Three conditions for a military option

Regarding military options, it may be noted, both countries confirm that all options are on the table, including a no-fly zone or other options to prevent air attacks, and that both the United Kingdom and France are working to the establishment of a United Nations resolution. They underline the three conditions: 1) depending on the evolution of the situation, on the basis of proven necessity, 2) a clear legal basis and 3) firm regional support. All conditions which seem to meet a broad consensus among the 27.

The text of this letter.

(The regime has lost all legitimacy)

“Since the Libyan people began to rise up against the brutal regime of Muammar Gaddafi, the world has witnessed daily an unacceptable continuation of violence and repression in Libya. Ignoring the demands of UNSCR 1970, calls from regional organizations and the entire international community, the Gaddafi regime continues to attack its population, including with planes and helicopters.

“It is clear to us that the regime has lost any legitimacy it may have had.

“This deliberate use of military force against civilians is absolutely unacceptable. The Security Council has warned that these acts could be considered crimes against humanity. All those who participated in the decision, planning or execution of such actions must know that they will be held accountable.

“France and the United Kingdom are committed to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Libya. We support the wish of the Libyans to be able to choose their rulers themselves and to decide on their own political system. We welcome the formation of an Interim National Transitional Council based in Benghazi. We approach him and his members in order to develop a cooperative dialogue.

“When the Libyan people have asserted their fundamental rights, we must be ready to support them with the necessary cooperation and assistance in order to promote stability and development in Libya, for the benefit of all Libyans.

(Dealing with the political and security situation: a seven-point plan)

“The priority today is to deal with the political and security situation. To this end, we propose to our European partners, our allies and our Arab and African friends to take the following measures:

“1. In order to end further suffering of the Libyan people, Muammar Gaddafi and his clique must go.

2. We support the efforts of the National Interim Transitional Council to prepare a representative and responsible government. We should send a clear political signal that we consider the Council to be a valid political interlocutor, and an important voice for the Libyan people in this phase.

3. We condemn the use of force against civilians by the Gaddafi regime and call for its immediate end. We support the continuation of planning to be ready to provide support in all eventualities, depending on the development of the situation, on the basis of proven need, a clear legal basis and support regional firm. This could include a no-fly zone or other options to prevent air attacks, and we are working on this with our allies and partners, particularly those in the region. Our two countries are working together on the elements of a Security Council resolution.

4. We call on the United Nations to closely assess and monitor the humanitarian situation in Libya and to make proposals to ensure full access for humanitarian organizations and assistance to displaced persons. We stand ready to contribute to this effort.

5. We support the investigation announced by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and the message this sends to the regime that it will be held accountable for its actions.

6. We call on all countries to fully implement the arms embargo, including by prohibiting the supply of mercenary armed personnel, and to take measures to discourage the recruitment or departure of aircraft or convoys of mercenaries. We are ready to cooperate with these countries in this regard.

7. Regarding the displaced persons outside Libya, if the situation deteriorates, we should all be ready to act and provide additional assistance, financial and material, including military equipment, in cooperation with international organizations and the countries concerned.

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).