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The EU facilitates the involvement of 20 third countries in defense missions

(BRUSSELS2) The EU's chief diplomat, Cathy Ashton, has been authorized to negotiate framework agreements for participation in European defense operations with twenty new countries. An idea that had been in the air for some time and which was officially approved by the 27 foreign ministers yesterday (Monday April 26).

The advantage of such agreements is undeniable

It greatly facilitates the involvement of third States in European missions and, above all, accelerates them. Today, the association of a third state implies, on the European side: a mandate from the Council of Ministers to negotiate, the negotiation itself, and a new mandate from the Council to accept the agreement. And, when it comes to third parties, the procedure is sometimes just as complicated, or even more so, with government decisions, approval by parliamentary assemblies, etc.

Once the agreement is signed, the participation of third parties will be much simpler: the agreement (or request) of the head of mission; a declaration or decision of the third State, applying this or that article of the framework agreement; an agreement of the 27 ambassadors of the COPS and (in point A) of the Council of Ministers (for the establishment of the committee of contributors). In short, a procedure which passes “below the political horizon” and can be handled at the level of diplomats and “operational staff”.

Negotiation with 20 States

Appearing on the play list: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil, Chile, China, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Fyrom (Macedonia), India, Japan, Montenegro, Morocco, New Zealand, Serbia, South Africa, United States. 20 countries with which the EU intends to deepen its relations in terms of defense missions (civil or military) and which, very often, have already participated in PeSDC civil or military missions or are still participating in them.

The EU has already signed framework agreements with five countries: Canada, Iceland, Norway, Turkey, Ukraine.

NB: we can notice two major presents, symbols of the emergence of new countries on the world security scene and which were, for the moment, discreet in the PeSDC - China and India - and one absent from mark: Russia which was, however, involved in Chad. It is true that the negotiation of a participation agreement was then quite complicated.

(Nicolas Gros-Verheyde)

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).

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