(BRUSSELS2) Medvedev's visit to Paris made it possible to finalize the order for 4 BPCs – projection and command boats from France. The anecdote will remember that during an interview intended to prepare this sale, between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Defense, on each side, to the French question of knowing how many boats maximum the Russians could be interested, Lavrov would have questioned aloud " We have how many seas ? Cinq…”, the order ceiling was therefore set at five, even if officially there was only talk of one or two ships. Eventually the figure finally stabilized, just below the bar set by Lavrov, at 4 BPC boats (*). To wonder which sea will not be covered by the replicas of the Mistral?
An order shared between Russian and French shipyards
In any case, this order will allow the STX shipyards in Saint-Nazaire (near Nantes) to breathe. Having placed the order for the 3rd French BPC, the Diksmuide, which had been brought forward as part of the recovery plan – and that of the MSC liner which has just been signed and is to be delivered in 2012, the shipyard workers no longer had order in perspective. A BPC like the Mistral is worth between 200 and 500 million euros (*). STX won't make everything though. The order will be shared: one part for the French shipyards, another for the Russian shipyards. " The Russians rely heavily on this order to revitalize their military shipbuilding “says a connoisseur. The former flagship industry of the USSR today suffers from several endemic ills: lack of qualified personnel, lack of technology and above all lack of construction of “emblematic” military ships. Restructuring has been going on for several years. Building the BPC could be the salutary boost.
The French were not alone in the running
The Spaniards and the Dutch were candidates to supply the Russians. According to El Pais, a high-level delegation from the Russian Navy visited the Ferreol shipyards (in La Coruña) to visit the Juan Carlo I ship manufactured by the public company Navantia. The Russians would also have approached the Dutch shipyards Ladies, which instead built frigates (like the F-802 De Zeven Proviciën).
The Balts are protesting
The most virulent are the Latvians who expressed themselves on this subject, with their Estonian and Lithuanian neighbors, on the sidelines of the informal meeting of EU defense ministers in Palma de Mallorca. The Latvian Minister, Imants Liegis thus castigated the French who " do not understand the nature of our relations with Russia ". Lithuanian Minister Rasa Kuknevicienne was more moderate, calling on the EU and NATO to " develop a clearer and firmer policy regarding military export ruless”. " A certain degree of responsibility must be acquired for the subsequent use of military equipment decided by a Member State towards a third State “, she explained after a bilateral interview with her French counterpart, Hervé Morin. She also pointed out "the need for greater transparency and consultations between Member States before the signing of such agreements ". In Warsaw, the comments are much more discreet, apart from the French philosopher, André Glucksman who strangles himself in Gazeta Wyborcza.
- (*) Depending on equipment. The BPC will officially be delivered without military equipment. The presence of the Mistral in Saint Petersburg, at the end of November, for a presentation to the General Staff was thus the opportunity to carry out a landing exercise with the Russian Kamov helicopters.
The BPC is a beautiful beast: 200 meters long, 21.300 gauge (fully loaded), it develops a speed of 18 knots with a range of 10.800 miles (19.800 miles at 15 knots). It has a crew of between 160 and 180 sailors, can carry up to 16 helicopters and a staff (up to 450 personnel).