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In Haiti, the emergency phase not over, 1000 planes on standby, an edifying report from the EC

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(BRUSSELS2) The latest report that the European experts who are on site have just drawn up is edifying both in terms of the situation on site which still remains catastrophic: the emergency phase is not really over even if the “research and search and rescue is now closed.

 

huge needs


Homeless, displaced, injured, makeshift camps. With 200.000 people homeless in Port-au-Prince alone (according to UN estimates), and 210.000 displaced outside Port-au-Prince, as well as 600.000 people in makeshift camps in Port-au-Prince. -Prince, we can see all the challenges of international emergency aid today on the island.


According to European experts, access to camps, food distribution points, and access to isolated towns and villages is improving but still remains “limited by debris, vehicles abandoned on roads or damage to infrastructure (bridges, roads, etc.). Among other needs, it is also necessary to fuel, small pumps and latrines ». « Water quality and its distribution remains a problem ».

Not to mention the medical needs : “200.000 people need post-surgery follow-up care and a medical check-up, with untreated injuries. Infectious diseases and health conditions remain a priority concern and could deteriorate rapidly if the rains arrive »

Challenges for international assistance


Access routes. " Unblocking logistical bottlenecks in Port-au-Prince » is a priority. In particular reopen the seaport to relieve the airport.
The numbers are significant. According to the Commission's Civil Protection Unit, there are currently “a delay of 7 days for arriving flights. And around 1000 planes are waiting ". Precision : " military flights represent 27% of the total ».

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Coordination problems: faced with the government's lack of capacity to coordinate, there is " need to strengthen coordination under the auspices of the United Nations between the main actors at the operational level and on the ground, in particular between military and humanitarian actors note the European experts.

Giving jobs to Haitians. We must find “income-generating activities for a maximum of three million people whose lives were disrupted by the earthquake”. The Haitian government is proposing to set up “food and cash for work” programs to employ Haitians to clean up/remove debris in destroyed areas.

(photo credit: European Commission / MIC + Us DoD – Sgt. James L. Harper Jr., US Air Force/Released)

Nicolas Gros Verheyde

Chief editor of the B2 site. Graduated in European law from the University of Paris I Pantheon Sorbonne and listener to the 65th session of the IHEDN (Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Défense Nationale. Journalist since 1989, founded B2 - Bruxelles2 in 2008. EU/NATO correspondent in Brussels for Sud-Ouest (previously West-France and France-Soir).

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